A person’s skin colour and tone are based on the genetic factors inherited from his / her parents. Irrespective of the skin colour and varying shades, it is essential that the skin pigmentation and tone remains even, to give the skin a healthy look and glow. Ayurveda has described the ‘Brajaka Pitta’ for the even tone and pigmentation of the skin.
A lot of people suffer from a lack of confidence because they have an uneven skin tone. Their skin pigmentation issue makes them feel self-conscious and uncomfortable to experiment with different looks. This restraint might lead to emotional upheavals and a life-long feeling of ‘unworthiness’, simply because they have an uneven skin tone!
Fortunately, these feelings need not last a lifetime as Ayurveda offers a viable solution for skincare problems.
The main factors influencing any skin disease are Rakta (Blood) and Pitta which are inter-related. Acharya Charaka, in Ayurveda, has explained that Vyanga (Melasma, Pigmentation) occurs due to vitiation of Rakta and Pitta. Another commonly occurring problem on the face is the breakout of pimples which is referred to as ‘Youvana Pidaka’, in Ayurveda. Youvana means youth and Pidaka means a skin eruption.
These two conditions occur due to following causes:
The person affected with Vyanga has discoloration of the facial skin ranging from pale blackish, reddishness or whitish patches which are circular or irregular in shape. In condition of pimples there will be small reddish black or pink eruptions which are initially without itching and pain. But regular exposure to the causative factors will induce itching, painful, pus-filled eruptions. In its severity, fever, discoloration and cystic growths may be found. Constant irritation with the cosmetics and pricking by the nails are common worsening factors noticed in the clinical practice.
The treatment of any disease begins with the prevention of the intake or exposure to the causative factor. Ayurveda emphasizes the utility of herbs for Rakta Shodhana (Blood purifiers) and Rakta Prasadana (Blood smoothening) which are done by internal administration of decoction and Panchakarma procedures. Once the blood is purified, Kanti Vardhana (complexion enhancers) is done using herbal paste and creams. Many herbs have been described in Ayurveda for the treatment of skin pigmentation, enhancement of complexion and maintain the tone of skin. It includes herbs like Haridra (Turmeric), Daru Haridra (Tree Turmeric), Sariva (Indian Sarsaparilla), Kumkum (Saffron), Chandan (Sandalwood), Kumari (Aloe vera), Ela (Cardamom), Yashtimadhu (Indian liquorice) and Manjishta.
For treating pimples, it is important that the patient does not scratch or open the pus filled boil with fingernails. By opening the pustules, there is always a possibility of spreading pimples and leaving a scar and pigmented area. The herbs which are useful in treating pimples are Nimba (Neem), Usheera (Vetiver), Kadira (Acacia), Haridra (Turmeric), Daru Haridra (Tree Turmeric), Jatiphala (Nutmeg), Sariva (Indian Sarsaparilla), Draksha (Raisins), Shatavari, Ashoka etc.
Apart from these herbs, cleaning the face 3-4 times a day with luke warm water, intake of a wholesome diet, good sleep, breathing exercises like Pranayama to reduce stress level are also beneficial.
Pigmentation of the skin, uneven skin tone and pimples are caused due to pollution, stress and improper diet. Ayurveda advocates the use of herbs in the form of paste or as a decoction for skincare treatment. However, sourcing these herbs could be a challenge thanks to today’s busy lifestyle; which is when Ayurvedic creams such as the Bajaj Nomarks Cream are an effective alternative for treating pigmentation on the face and pimples.