Environmental factors like sunlight and pollution have a constant negative impact on the skin which is responsible for breakouts, blemishes and dark spots.
You cannot change the environment around you but being mindful of these factors can enable you to limit your exposure and tackle pimple marks and dark spots.
For younger looking skin, you must limit your exposure to sunlight. Protecting your skin from the harsh effects of the sun is important for reducing the effects of aging, uneven skin tone, tanning and pigmentation.
The rays from the sun are broadly classified into UVA and UVB rays. These rays cause damage in different ways.
UVB rays are mostly responsible for causing sunburns and even skin cancer. Fairer Caucasian skin tends to be at a higher risk of developing skin cancers due to UVB rays. UVA rays on the other hand are responsible for causing sun spots, pigmentation and tanning as they penetrate deeper into the skin and trigger excess melanin production.
Therefore, it is important that all skin types take equal care of their skin and protect it against the harmful rays of the sun. You can do this in the following ways:
Use a broad spectrum sunscreen lotion with UVA and UVB protection. The sunscreen should have an SPF of 30 or more for optimal protection. For best results, apply the sunscreen 30 minutes prior to stepping out. Sunscreen must be worn in the sunlight hours mostly between 9 am to 5 pm as UV rays are the strongest and most intense between 10 am and 4 pm.
Apart from letting the sunscreen do its job, you must also make sure that you are wearing hats / caps, sunglasses, scarves, etc. for that added advantage against the sun.
It is advisable to always dodge the sun and seek shade whenever possible.
Always opt for UV safe clothing for all day protection against the sun.
Pollution also has a detrimental effect on the skin and overall health. Chemicals, toxic fumes, plastic and all non-biodegradable substances contribute to pollution around us.
When inhaled or digested or ingested, these substances cause chemical reactions within our bodies and skin. Free radicals are formed as a result of these reactions. These free radicals are highly unstable molecules which bind to the skin cells in order to become stable. This causes an alteration in the cell structure which causes the skin to appear dull with uneven skin tone, develop signs of ageing and pigmentation.
It is impossible to avoid pollution, especially if you are living in a metropolitan city but we can definitely minimize its effects:
To counter ill-effects of pollution, you need skincare that includes antioxidants and a soothing effect. Use facewash, with natural antioxidants like Lemon, Neem, Aloe Vera, etc. at regular intervals daily, preferably in the morning before you leave the house and in the evening once you return home. Exfoliate with a herbal scrub twice a week to clean pores of blockages and allow the skin to breathe easy. Follow exfoliation with a herbal face-pack which helps restore balance to your skin affected by pollution.
Eating organic, fertilizer-free food provides the body with anti-oxidants that fortify the immune system against free radicals.
Anti-oxidants are naturally present in bright-coloured fruits and vegetables but can also be taken as a supplement. Green tea, aubergines, broccoli, berries, dark chocolate etc. have high levels of anti-oxidants.
Avoid buying water and food that comes packaged in plastic as it could contain carcinogenic chemicals which cause tumours including skin cancer. Instead use recyclable or bio-degradable materials to pack and carry your foods.
Minimize the intake of junk food, as over time the bad fats in the food cause damage to the digestive system and result in the formation of pimples and pimple marks.
Also, do not self-medicate as the same can result in hampering the immune system, exposing the body to damage by free radicals.
Nutrition and external applications are both necessary for fortifying the skin against sunlight and pollution. External applications provided by Bajaj Nomarks are an effective Ayurvedic alternative to chemical-based skincare products for treating pimples and dark spots.