A look at a person’s face reveals a lot about the health of the individual as the facial skin is far more sensitive than the skin on the other parts of the body. Any internal change in the body or external factors like exposure to harsh sun rays, pollution, chemicals in the form of make-up can cause damage to the facial skin and show visible changes.
The ancient science of Ayurveda states that various diseases can affect the skin, causing changes to the skin as well as giving it an unhealthy look. Some of the common diseases and conditions leading to skin changes are as follows:
Koshta krimi (intestinal worm): Whitish patches are seen on the facial skin if the person is suffering from intestinal worms.
Kamala (Jaundice): The skin on the face and body of a person suffering from Kamala will have a yellowish tinge.
Raktapitta (Bleeding disorder): It is a disease caused by the contamination of the Rakta (blood). In this disease, reddish patches are observed on the facial skin coupled with burning sensations.
Mukha dooshika (Pimples): This is one of the most commonly found skin problems during the teenage years. It is accompanied by the appearance of small blebs on the skin, which is at times filled with pus. You may also experience reddish discolouration of the skin and occasional blackish spots after the drying of the pus filled blebs.
Vyanga (Melasma): A condition where there are brownish to blackish patches on the facial skin leading to cosmetic change and psychological disturbance in the patient.
Tilakalak (Black head): This condition is caused due to the vitiation of pitta dosha leading to blackish and bluish small pin-head appearance on the facial skin.
Romantika (Measles): A condition due to the vitiation of pitta and raktadosha leading to reddish patches in the base of the hair roots and facial skin.
Agantujakarana (Environmental factor): Exposure of the facial skin to extreme climates(‘Atiushna’ or ‘Atisheeta’) can lead to changes. Some of the skin conditions caused due to exposure to harsh sunlight include redness of the skin, dryness and burnt skin. On the other hand, exposure
to dry and cold climate can cause cracking of the skin which could be accompanied by white patches. Pollution can block the sweat pores, leading to the darkening and dryness of the skin.
Kushta (Skin disease): Kushta is a group of skin diseases arising due to the vitiation of different doshas (the biological energies found throughout the human body), leading to different features depending upon the vitiated dosha. For example:
Vata Dosha (Energy composed of Space and Air): Vitiation of Vata Dosha leads to rough spots, whitish patches or dark pigmentation.
PittaDosha (Energy composed of Fire and Water): Vitiation of Pitta Dosha leads to patches on the skin which is red in colour and painful or having a burning sensation with a little exudation.
Kapha Dosha (Energy composed of Earth and Water): Vitiation of Kapha Dosha leads to sliminess of the skin with an itching sensation, excessive sweating on the skin patch, and also hardness & heaviness of the affected area.
It is very important to get the disease treated from the root, which in turn will lead to the skin regaining its colour along with the recovery of its health. Some of the principles explained in Ayurveda are:
Nidanaparivarjana: The initial and important treatment to regain the health of the facial skin is to follow the principle of ‘Nidanaparivarjana’ i.e. to reduce contact with causative factors – like protecting the skin from pollution by covering the face, reducing the intake of ‘viruddhaahara’ (unwanted foods like junk foods) and having a balanced diet.
Lepa: Lepa refers to the freshly prepared paste from herbs like Sandalwood, Turmeric, Manjishta, Saffron, Aloe Vera which must be applied over the affected area of the skin.
Upanaha (Hot poultice): Lemon slice, Eucalyptus oil, Bengal gram powder is mixed with water and made into paste. This is heated and then applied over the facial region to open up the closed sweat pores and rejuvenate the skin.
Kashaya (Decoction): Intake of a decoction prepared from herbs like Manjishta (Indian Madder), Daruharidra (Indian Beriberi), Khadira (Acacia Catechu) can purify the blood and subside the conditions caused by impure blood such as pimples and itching sensation.
Adequate intake of Jaleeyansha can regenerate the skin and give it a healthy glow.
Various diseases can lead to disturbance in the normal health of the skin, leading to different features. It is important to identify the disease based 0n the signs seen on the skin and then seek proper treatment.
Along with the above treatments, you can opt for an Ayurvedic anti-marks solution like the Bajaj Nomarks range of products for skin care. The Bajaj Nomarks Ayurvedic Face Wash helps in getting rid of deep-rooted dirt, giving you a radiant complexion. The Bajaj Nomarks Cream Range comes in 3 variants to suit your skin type and the Bajaj Nomarks Exfoliating Scrub with Walnut & Apricots removes dead skin cells and impurities. These products will help in naturally dealing with the pigmentation and pimple marks which could lead to an uneven skin tone.
Dr. Prashanth B.K
E mail– firstname.lastname@example.org